In the framework of WP2 and WP3, project partners have developed two useful instruments which are now available to users in the Documents & Tools section of the website.
The synoptic report developed in WP2 refers to the BU.G.S. method for the identification of green skills gaps in the construction sector and to the data mining analysis software. For the development of this tool, Ecipa Veneto has identified the following steps:
1. Analysis of the EU legislation on energy efficiency and training for the building construction sector in Austria, Croatia, Italy and Slovenia.
2. The green skills’ gap identification. From what has been achieved, data sheets were built, depicting the position of each partner country with respect to European legislation, consequently has been developed a sort of gapcountry compared to the ideal situation of full compliance with the EU provisions.
3. Tuning of a sample of collected data and finalization of the data mining software. Questionnaires have been designed for companies, associations and public bodies and consequently partners have been asked to involve relevant stakeholders to fill them in: these data constituted the basic set for the gaps identification procedure. On the basis of the gathered data, that have been subject to statistical and qualitative validation, a procedure has been created in order to identify the training gaps and the software has been developed. Specific functions have been created for each profile:
- SME in the construction field: possibility to enter its own data and to receive a report
about its own green skills gap compared to its own region as well as to the EU;
- SME association in the building construction sector: possibility to navigate the main data
of the own region, enter SMEs data and gain a general evaluation of the green skills gap
compared to the European situation in order to better define training needs for the
associated companies in the green skills field;
- Trainers: possibility to enter company(es) data and gain a report with an overview of the
green skills gap in order to define the appropriate training path for the removal of the
- Public body: possibility to navigate the main data of the own region and compare it to the
country data as well as to other countries data, in order to identify green skills bottlenecks
and look for the “upskilling” measures needed.
Simoultaneusly to the software development, the analysis of good practices of training pathways has been carried on by the European Centre for renewable Energy. The research highlithed that the density of green skills contents is higher in the VET for professions related to the physical building construction, because in this group there is also a higher number of individual profession types, whereas in the other groups (HVAC, electricity, maintenance etc.) less green contents are reported as a result of the fact, that these groups are already focused on specific practices. This can be stated both for the secondary and the post-secondary VET. Moreover, the exploration of training practices in the partner countries was carried out by a standardized questionnaire, containing six specific sections, four of them regarding main activity of the trainees within the construction sector:
- Building planning and construction supervision
- Physical building construction
- Heating, ventilation and air conditioning
- Electric building components
The research conducted in WP3 has been preparatory for the guidelines for the development of training pathways for high, intermediate and low skilled workers. To discover more about how to develop specific profession group pathway, trainers and VET centres could find the guidelines in the Documents & Tools section.